Diabeties and Your Feet
As you may know Diabetes or hyperglycemia, is high blood glucose. As many as one in three adults in the United States will have high blood sugar levels indicating diabetes. Because it is a chronic disease, it is important for people with diabetes to think about the long-term effects of diabetes on their legs and feet.
Our Diabetic Foot Care Program Includes:
- Routine nail care and foot inspections
- Patient education for self-help
- Wound care
- Surgical care when needed
- Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Diabetic Shoes
The feet may become susceptible to many different types of problems including the following:
- Sores & Ulcers: Diabetic foot ulcers can crop up due to foot deformities, pressure points, and calluses. Complications of diabetic ulcers may or may not cause pain and can be accompanied by swelling, discomfort, redness, itching, burning, and irritation.
- Fungal Infections: Athlete`s foot is more common in people with diabetes but can be cured with antifungal treatments prescribed by any of our foot and ankle specialists. Athlete`s foot causes dry cracked skin which can lead to more serious conditions such as ulcers, bacterial infections or cellulitis. Itching and burning are the most common symptoms of athlete`s foot. It`s important to note that those symptoms may go unnoticed by a person with diabetic neuropathy.
- Peripheral Arterial Disease: or PAD happens when there is a buildup of cholesterol and plaque in the blood vessels of the lower extremities causing decreased blood flow to the legs and feet. PAD commonly affects people with type 2 diabetes and those who are prone to heart disease. Common signs of PAD include pain in legs and feet, non-healing sores or wounds on feet or legs, color changes in your feet, and decreased toenail and hair growth on legs or toes.
- Peripheral Neuropathy or Nerve Damage: It is very common for people with diabetes to be affected by peripheral neuropathy. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include pain or numbness in your legs or feet, sharp pains or cramps, muscle weakness, loss of reflexes, and loss of balance and coordination. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and you are diabetic, it is important to visit your podiatrist immediately.
Check for early detection of foot problems.
Here are proper foot care suggestions for diabetics to follow:
- Keep feet clean, warm, and dry.
- Wear shoes that are comfortable and do not wear the same pair every day. Diabetic shoes are highly recommended. Consult your podiatrist to determine if you qualify for diabetic shoes and obtain a prescription for them.
- Always wear clean, dry socks without tears or irritating seams. Wearing white socks will allow you to easily spot stains from infections, which is especially important for those with neuropathy or compromised sensation.
- Do not leave feet exposed or unprotected. Sleep in loose socks and do not walk barefoot.
- Never expose feet to heat or high water temperatures.
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